If you have ever sat down with a fantasy novel, you have probably noticed that certain tropes make frequent appearances. Tropes are a part of any literary genre, and fantasy is no different.
These are some of the most common tropes found in fantasy literature. Many of the world’s most beloved fantasy novels use these tropes in some way.
Good vs. Evil
The majority of fantasy stories are a tale of good triumphing over evil. Most stories star a hero; many heroes are of royal blood. The villain that they have to triumph over is typically some sort of dark lord. The dark lord often uses magic as their primary weapon.
In fantasy tales, the hero usually needs to go on some sort of request. The quest may require them to defeat some kind of beast, or to claim a magical item. While they are on their quest, the hero will meet people that will eventually help them to overcome the dark lord.
Fantasy literature typically draws its inspiration for European folklore. Because of this, it is normal to see knights, lords and ladies, and other things that are associated with European stories from this time.
As mentioned above, magic is an important part of fantasy stories. Many authors try to imagine what Europe would have been like if magic had been a party of it. Magical creatures, such as dragons, wizards, and fairies, are also very common.
Although these tropes do not appear in every fantasy novel, all of them are very common. If you examine the novels you read more closely, you will be able to see the impact that these tropes had one them. While many authors try to subvert common tropes, most writers are influenced by them in some shape or form.